Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, diploma, Graduate School of Education, 6/00, Management Development Program.
Brown University, Providence, RI, Ph.D. in Art History, 7/81. Specialization in Medieval and Early Renaissance Art. Additional areas: Ancient, Renaissance. Dissertation: Influences of Ancient Roman Wall-Painting on Late Thirteenth-Century Italian Painting: A New Interpretation of the Upper Church of San Francesco in Assisi.
George Washington University, Washington, DC, M.A. in Art History, 6/69. Specialization in Ancient Greek and Roman Art. Additional areas: Renaissance, Baroque. Thesis: Tomb Architecture on the Greek Mainland and its Vicinity in the Third and Second Millennia B.C.
Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, B.F.A., 6/67.